Types of Psychology


Types of Psychology, Counseling, and Therapy


Many of these psychological disciplines overlap. For example, a school psychologist may assess and treat a child with a psychological disorder. Or, the child may be referred to a clinical psychologist for more involved therapy. The lines between these specialities aren't clear cut, but there are differences between the disciplines.


Clinical psychologiststreat people who exhibit mental or emotional disorders which range from uncomfortable reactions to the stress of daily life to extreme psychological disorders.


Community psychologyis mostly preventative in nature. These psychologists specialize in human behavior at home, at school, and in neighborhoods.


Counseling psychologistsare therapists who help clients adjust to life, make important decisions, and help people cope. This field of human behavior is similar to clinical psychology.


Developmental psychologyfocuses on human development from birth to death. This type of psychology describes, measures, and explains age-related changes in behavior.


Educational psychologyis research-oriented, and focuses on how people learn. Teachers, school administrators, and guidance counselors may apply the findings of educational psychologists in schools, colleges, or universities.


Environmental psychologistsattempt to improve the interactions between humans and the environment. The management of natural resources, effects of extreme environments, and architectural design are part of this branch of human behavior.


Experimental psychologyfocuses on basic processes of human interaction and biology. This type of psychology often involves studies on animals and people.


Family psychologistsare therapists who concentrate on the family and how it affects our development and lives. Sexual dysfunction and family counseling may be subsections of family psychology.


Forensic psychologistsstudy criminal behavior, and often assist law enforcement agencies in criminal investigations.


Geriatric psychologyfocuses on the health and well-being of older people. This field of human behavior includes both practical and research applications.


Health psychologyis a branch of human behavior that is concerned with the psychological implications of actions on health. For instance, smoking, weight gain, stress management and fitness can affect our mental health – and that’s what health therapists focus on.


Organizational psychologyfocuses on our relationships to work. This study of human behavior includes career counseling, cross-training, retirement planning, and job productivity.


Physiological psychologyis about the genetic and physical roots of psychological disorders, such as how our brains change due to drug use or how cells develop and function.


Positive psychologyis a relatively new area in the study of human behavior. It encompasses a holistic approach to mental wellness, with a shift away from disease to personal wellness and health.


Psychometricsfocuses on psychological testing and assessment. Psychometrists are employed at private companies and government organizations.


Rehabilitation psychologistshelp people with handicaps, such as birth trauma or stroke, improve their functioning in the world. This field of human behavior ranges from birth to old age.


School psychologyfocuses on the intellectual and emotional development of young people.


Social psychologyexplores how we live in the world. Pop cultural, group behavior, the media, and our attitudes and opinions are all part of social psychology.


Sport psychologistsare therapists who concentrate on the mental and emotional factors that affect professional or amateur athletes. Sport therapists attempt to maximize motivation and performance.


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